Monday, August 28, 2006

More emigration notes

I'm really bummed that I have this handwritten note (my handwriting) and I don't know where it came from!   Here it is anyway:

Scottish Emigration to America

Lowland Scots (from Lowlands directly to America
1707-1770s mostly townsmen & small farmers.   mostly to southern colonies and Pennsylvania but some to areas of New York that are now Vermont.

Ulster Scots (from Lowlands --> Ulster --> America)
        1st wave    1717-1720   to New England via Boston
2d wave 1725-1729 primarily middle colonies of Pennsylvania,
Maryland, New Jersey & Delaware.
3rd wave 1730-1768 Pennsylvania down to Virginia and the Carolinas.

Highland Scots (from Highlands directly to America)
        1730s      to North Carolina and New York
1749-1775 mostly to Cape Fear, North Carolina
1780-1850 entire eastern seaboard due to the clearances.

ADDENDUM:  POSTED November 25, 2006 at 1:15 PM:     Carol Vass says that these notes are from The Scotch-Irish: A Social History by James G. Leyburn which she recommends very highly.

Well, I've also been messing around with the cladograms and thought this one might be of interest.   This one shows all the Berry participants who have tested to 37 markers.   For those that belong to a family, I was able to identify the families they were in.   Do not be confused by this.   Only the people close enough together to form a 'Family' are related within a genealogical time frame.   I expect we are all related, and this chart suggests as much, but long before the adoption of surnames.

Network diagrams created using Phylogenetic Network software from Fluxus Technology and using the Median Joining method as described by Bandelt H-J, Forster P, Röhl A (1999) Median-joining networks for inferring intraspecific phylogenies. Mol Biol Evol 16:37-48


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